Talks between Ukraine and Russia are confrontational but moving forward, President Volodymyr Zelensky said on Wednesday, as the West plans to announce more sanctions against the Kremlin.
In an early morning address, Mr Zelensky remained hopeful about the negotiations, which have yielded little since the invasion started.
“It’s very difficult, sometimes confrontational,” he said. “But step by step we are moving forward.”
A senior government adviser has warned Ukraine’s peace negotiators may not be prepared for belligerent KGB tactics of Russian counterparts.
Having failed to seize the capital Kyiv or any other major city with a swift offensive, Russia is waging a war of attrition that has reduced urban areas to rubble and prompted Western concern the conflict could escalate – even to a nuclear war.
Russia’s security policy dictates the country would use such weapons if its existence were threatened, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told CNN.
Peskov said the campaign was going to plan and no one thought the operation would take just a few days.
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Russian forces ‘have struggled with logistics’
The Pentagon says Russian forces “have struggled with logistics and sustainability”.
“We think they’re having command and control problems,” adds Pentagon spokesman John Kirby.
A senior defense official said the Pentagon believes as much as 10pc of Russian forces committed to Ukraine may have been knocked out in just four weeks of fighting.
Ukraine’s army command says it believes Russian troops now have sufficient ammunition, food and fuel for just three days.
UN chief Antonio Guterres calls on Russia to end its “absurd war”, calling the conflict “unwinnable”.
The UN General Assembly is due to reconvene a special emergency session on Ukraine on Wednesday and vote this week on a non-binding French and Mexican resolution condemning Russia’s invasion.
Trapped Mariupol residents face starvation
Almost 100,000 people trapped among ruins in Mariupol are facing starvation, thirst and relentless Russian bombardment, President Volodymyr Zelensky said as the UN sharpened demands for Moscow to end its “absurd” and “unwinnable” war.
Tens of thousands of residents have already fled the besieged southern port city, bringing harrowing testimony of a “freezing hellscape riddled with dead bodies and destroyed buildings”, according to Human Rights Watch.
Mr Zelensky said more than 7,000 people had escaped in the past 24 hours alone, but one group traveling along an agreed humanitarian route west of the city were “simply captured by the occupiers”.
He that many thousands more were unable to leave as the humanitarian situation warned.
“Today, the city still has nearly 100,000 people in inhumane conditions. In a total siege. Without food, water, medication, under constant shelling and under constant bombing,” he said, renewing calls for Russia to allow safe humanitarian corridors for civilians to escape.
Satellite images of Mariupol released by private company Maxar showed a charred landscape, with several buildings ablaze and smoke billowing from the city.
As war drags on, Ukrainian civilians continue to suffer
Russian President Vladimir Putin’s incursion into Ukraine has forced more than 3.5 million people to flee, brought the sharp isolation of Russia’s economy, and fears of wider conflict in the West.
The United Nations human rights office said it had recorded 953 civilian deaths and 1,557 injured since the invasion.
The Kremlin denies targeting.
Millions have fled abroad, according to the UN, leaving Eastern Europe scrambling to provide them with care, schools and jobs.
Kyiv accused Moscow of deporting residents of Mariupol and separatist-held areas of Ukraine to Russia. This includes the “forcible transfer” of 2,389 children to Russia from the Luhansk and Donetsk regions, Prosecutor General Iryna Venediktova said.
Moscow denies forcing people to leave, saying it is taking in refugees.
Russian combat power declines below 90pc, US says
No one had ever thought the operation in Ukraine would take just a couple of days and the campaign was going to plan, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said.
Western officials said Russian forces were stalled around Kyiv but making some progress in the south and east. Ukrainian fighters are repelling Russian troops in some places but could not roll them back, they said.
Russia’s combat power in Ukraine has declined below 90pc of its pre-invasion levels, a senior US defense official said. If confirmed, it would suggest heavy losses of weaponry and growing consequences.
Western concern conflict could escalate into nuclear war
Having failed to seize a major Ukrainian city with a swift offensive, Russia is waging a war of attrition that has reduced some urban areas to rubble and prompted Western concern that the conflict could escalate into a nuclear war.
Russia’s security policy dictates that the country would only use such weapons if its very existence were threatened, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told CNN.
“If it is an existential threat for our country, then it (the nuclear arsenal) can be used in accordance with our concept,” he said.